Q01. Is this a magnetic anti-corrosion device?
NMR Pipetector uses “NMR technology” and magnetic devices uses “magneto-hydrodynamic technology”.
Magnetic devices require the water speed that pass through the magnetic field of the magnetic device more than 2.0 meters/sec. It is not realistic due to it is the maximum limit of domestic water supply regulation.
Even if it realised, the small cluster of water created by Magnetic device resumes its large cluster again within one second. Therefore anti-corrosion effect cannot be realized throughout the entire water pipe work.
Q02.What are the running costs per month if I use the NMR Pipetector?
NMR Pipetector does not require any running cost once the device is installed.
Q03. How does the NMR Pipetector radiate electro magnetic wave without using external power source?
NMR Pipetector is based on black-body radiation theory. Black-body radiation theory is the material object generates electromagnetic wave, not having any influence from the outside.
Ceramic or charcoal is one of the examples. Ceramics are sintered by 1200℃ when the process of manufacture can then store thermal energy in the ceramic therefore ceramic can generate multiple wavelengths created by this process.
In addition, charcoal will be carbonized at more that 800℃, therefore charcoal can also generate multiple wavelengths of infrared waves.
Based on this theory, NMR Pipetector incorporates wave generating material with wavelength balancing materials inside it and the device is designed to generate an electromagnetic wave which is ideal for the NMR effect without external power source.
Q04. Does NMR Pipetector have effect on human body?
NMR Pipetector does not have any effect on the body of human.
As NMR Phenomenon is used for Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in hospitals, NMR phenomenon is harmless to human bodies. Not like Computerized Tomography scan (CT Scan), it is possible for us to use MRI for long hours.
The electromagnetic wave generated by NMR Pipetector has been proven its safeness at “Chemicals Evaluation and Research Institute, Japan” by the examination.
Q05. My family member uses pace maker. Does NMR Pipetector have effect on the person who has pace maker?
There is no effect to pace maker. Magnetism and electromagnetic wave which are emitted from NMR Pipetector are very weak and no harm to pace makers and human bodies.
Q06. Is it safe for us to drink water which has passed through the pipe work which the NMR Pipetector is installed on?
No problem. The small cluster water produced by NMR Pipetector is similar to water vapor. Therefore the water passed through NMR Pipetector has no bad effect on our body.
Q07. How long since the water passed through the NMR Pipetector does it keep its treated condition?
The water passed through NMR Pipetector breaks up into small cluster and keeps its treated condition for six to seven hours.
During that time, water clusters are prevented to be bonded together, and when the water flows by the energy of the pump, hydrated electron is discharged and protects the pipe works from corrosion.
Q08. Does NMR Pipetector effect depend on the material of the pipe work?
NMR Pipetector effect does not matter the material of the pipe work except lead pipe work.
Steel Galvanized Pipe (SGP), Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC), Copper Pipe and Stainless Steel Pipes are commonly used for water pipes, and NMR Pipetector effect does not effected by the material of the pipe work. As to the NMR Pipetector effect of converting corrosion into magnetite which does not dissolve into water is available for whole area of Steel pipe, and for joint and bimetallic part of the pipe works.
NMR Pipetector also stops oxidation damages for copper or stainless steel pipes.
Q09. How much water should we use to have the anti-corrosion effect of NMR Pipetector?
The anti-corrosion effect of the NMR Pipetector depends the amount of the water that pass through the device
If you are experiencing rusty water now, the Fe content in the rusty water is more than 0.3mg/l and there is enough water usage (about 200 to 300 liter a day), it will take about a month to stop the rusty water and Fe content in water.
However it will take from three months to six months if the water usage is about 100 liter a day.
Q10. There is a water leak at the pipe work. Does NMR Pipetector solve water leek?
There were many cases that early water leak were stopped.
If the pipe work already has a hole, you can not expect NMR Pipetector to block up the hole, but if the water leak is small and in early stage, there were many cases that the water leak was stopped because the corrosion inside the pipe work is reduced to magnetite and forms hard layer of Magnetite. The magnetite protects pipe work from further corrosion.
Even when the pipe work is already old and degraded, it is confirmed that further water leak was not found after the installation of NMR Pipetector at more than 1800 applications.
Q11. The outside of the pipe work is damaged by corrosion. Does NMR Pipetector work for this?
NMR Pipetector only works for the inside of the pipe work.
Q12. How does the NMR Pipetector convert corrosion into Magnetite?
Corrosion inside the pipe is formed by the reaction below. Iron becomes bivalent iron ion by discharging electron into water (1), and the electron discharged into water react with water and generates hydroxide ion (2). This iron ion and hydroxide ion generates ferrous hydroxide (3).
Generated ferrous hydroxide is oxidized to ferric hydroxide (4) and separated out to become corrosion (FeO(OH)) (5).
NMR Pipetector makes small water cluster by NMR phenomenon, and hydrated electron is moved to outside the water cluster. When the small water cluster flow in the pipe work by the pressure of the pump, it discharges the hydrated electron. Hydrated electron reduces corrosion to magnetite and stops further corrosion and rusty water in the pipe work (6).
What you need to notice here is the reaction of corrosion reduced to magnetite is “balanced reaction”. Early stage of magnetite is imbalance and if the supply of hydrated electron is stopped, magnetite generates electron and oxidized to corrosion (oxidation reaction) (7).
Therefore hydrated electron needs to be supplied until the magnetite layer becomes strong enough. When the enough strength of magnetite layer is built up, it becomes strong, passive state magnetite coated layer.
Q13. What is the difference between corrosion and magnetite?
Corrosion dissolves into water and damages pipe work or make blockage in the pipe work, on the other hand Magnetite is still used to-day as a surface coating for cooking utensils including Steam Locomotives and many other products. This proves that magnetite is safe material that protects us from corrosion damages.
Corrosion into water is unstable and fragile state as it only hydrates one hydrated electron. It dissolves into water and it will cause health damage to us when we consume it too much. In addition to that, corrosion has more than ten times volume than iron, so it causes blockage in the pipe work. On the other hand, Magnetite is resistant to oxidation and does not dissolve into water. Therefore, magnetite does not have effect on our health as it was used for many products from long ago.
Q14. Does corrosion have bad effect on human body?
If you consume corrosion too much, it might cause health problem.
Iron is one of the essential elements for human nutrition, and nutrition requirement of iron is estimated from 7 to 48 mg/l a day. Although iron is hardly excreted from the body and there is a possibility that iron might have middle to high level of toxicity. Our body store iron in our organ and body tissue when the normal storage place is full, and it might cause toxic symptom by excess intake of iron.
It is rare for an adult to have toxic symptom of iron, but excess intake of iron is hazardous for children. Some research shows that when little children intake a lot of iron, it will cause emesis or diarrhea, and it could be fatal when children intake more than 3mg of iron. Additionally, it is hazardous to intake too much iron for pregnancy and breast-feeding woman because infants may have effect of iron through their mother.
Iron in water is generated by corrosion (FeO(OH)) dissolved in water. Magnetite will not dissolve into water. If we intake to much iron it will damage our health, any amount from 200 to 250 mg/weight is required to reach the average lethal amount of iron, it will damage our health, from 200 to 250 mg/weight is reach to average lethal amount of iron. Excess intake of iron will cause hemorrhagic necrosis of gastric mucosa and crust formation.
Magnetite, which protects pipe work from corrosion, is very hard crystallized material, so once corrosion is reduced to magnetite, it will protect pipe work from further corrosion.
Q15. Does NMR Pipetector have effect on verdigris of copper pipe?
NMR Pipetector can not solve verdigris problem that copper pipe work already have, but it can stop further damage and oxidation of copper pipe work.
Converting corrosion to magnetite at the steel pipe work…This oxidation reaction can be avoided by using NMR Pipetector, however verdigris is not be converted so verdigris will not be converted even NMR Pipetector supply hydrated electron. Therefore NMR Pipetector can not solve verdigris that already formed in the pipe work, however mechanism of verdigris oxidation is same as iron oxidation, so by supplying hydrated electron using NMR Pipetector, it can stop further oxidation damage in the copper pipe works.
In the meanwhile, pitting corrosion, which pinhole appears on the copper pipe work, the mechanism how this occurs has not revealed yet.
Pitting corrosion may be caused by oxidation damage, but if this is caused by another reason, we can not state if NMR Pipetector can solve this problem.
Q16. Does NMR Pipetector have effect on calcium scale?
NMR Pipetector gain water resolvability and prevents scale deposit.
The water passed through NMR Pipetector breaks up into small cluster, and it has 20% more surface area than usual, so normally NMR Pipetector can prevent scale deposit in water pipe work. Although NMR Pipetector has no effect on the scale that are already deposited because scale (CaCo3) has almost no water resolvability.
As to the circulation pipe work, scale component does not evaporates in air but stays in circulated water, so there scale component in water gradually increase.
When the density of scale component is thickened too much, the water need to be refilled.
If the water does not be refilled, scale component cannot dissolve in water and appears as scale deposit to the pipe work.