Technical Explanation

Electrolytic protection using free electrons of water

The Pipetector is an electrolytic protection using free electrons of water (hydrated electrons). Free electrons are generally located inside water clusters.

When water clusters break up, the free electrons, or *hydrated electrons, are likely to change their location from the inside to the outside. *For details of hydrated electrons refer “Science” Vol. 307.

・Hydrated electrons are discharged when flow energy is added to water clusters.

・This phenomenon is often compared to a thundercloud where the water clusters move rapidly inside.

The Pipetector breaks up water clusters inside pipes with a specific wavelength of electromagnetic waves

A hydrogen nucleus of water molecule has North and South magnetic poles. The nucleus resonates when it receives a specific wavelength of electromagnetic waves. This is called nuclear magnetic resonance.

The Pipetector generates a specific wavelength of electromagnetic waves and breaks up water clusters smaller.

This phenomenon lasts for more than 6 hours.

Coming out from water clusters, hydrated electrons stop chemical reaction of rusting inside water pipes by reducing iron hydroxide oxide to magnetite.

The Pipetector applies black-body radiation to generate electromagnetic waves

・Black-body radiation is a theory that any materials in the world can emit electromagnetic waves without supply of external power source.

・Ceramic and charcoal are some of the examples of black body. When ceramic products are sintered at 1,200 degrees Celsius during their manufacturing process, they store a thermal energy within. This energy (entropy) decreases by itself as the time passes by, and thus the ceramics emit electromagnetic waves.

・Charcoal products are carbonized at over 800 degrees Celsius when manufactured and store thermal energy inside as well. Charcoal thus emits far-infrared rays as the entropy decreases.

・Based on this theory, the Pipetector contains substances that emit electromagnetic waves and layers of magnets that adjust the waves. The device then emits electromagnetic waves to cause nuclear magnetic resonance on hydrogen nuclei of water molecule inside water pipes.

Problems of electrode protection

・Electrodes are inserted into water pipes to discharge free electrons from the electrodes with external power supply.

・The free electrons can only adhere to inner surface *close to the electrodes. *Effective distance is about 1.5 times of pipe diameter

・The electrons therefore cannot be supplied throughout piping.

・To do so, many insertions of electrodes are necessary.

・This process costs more than entire pipe replacement.

・In addition, pipe strength becomes weak and cause hygienic issue.